Heart disease refers to various types of conditions that can affect heart function. There are many different types including coronary artery disease, heart valve conditions, abnormal heart rhythms, and heart failure as well as congenital diseases.
Smoking, poor diet and exercise habits, high blood pressure, and high cholesterol are major contributors to the disease.
- Family history
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
Chest pain is the most common symptom, but there are other symptoms that may indicate heart disease. Some people have shortness of breath, irregular heartbeats, faster heartbeat, weakness, dizziness, nausea, sweating, or fatigue.
Remember, men and women typically experience different symptoms.
Your doctor will start with an exam and discussion of your symptoms and family history.
Your doctor may refer you for one or more tests such as a stress test, echocardiogram, or cardiac catherization for example.
Treatment will depend on what type of heart disease you have. It may include medication, cardiac rehabilitation, bypass surgery, valve replacement, or pacemaker placement.
Managing Your Condition
One of the most important parts of your treatment plan is how you take care of yourself. Low-fat, low-sodium diet, exercise, and not smoking are critical.